Review of some govt. initiatives towards ease of doing business in India

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India has recorded continuous improvement in its ease of doing business ranking issued by the World Bank on account of steps taken by the government in this regard including new Export Credit Insurance Scheme for exporters, National Logistics Policy and Startup India Initiative among others.
India ranks 63rd among 190 countries improving by 14 ranks from its rank of 77 in 2019 and has improved its rank in 7 out of 10 indicators and has moved closer to international best practices. The 2020 edition of the Report acknowledges India as one of the top 10 improvers, third time in a row, with an improvement of 67 ranks in 3 years. It is also the highest jump by any large country since 2011.


Startup India- reaching new heights, making India a global leader in Innovation — A total of 21,778 startups are now recognised under the Startup India Initiative, of which 2,912 of them have been recognised since June 1, 2019. The Startup India Hub has 3,42,614 registered users of which 21,540 have been added since June 1, 2019.With the amendment in Section 54GB of Income Tax Act on August 1, 2019, the condition of minimum holding of 50 per cent of share capital or voting rights in the startup has been relaxed to 25 per cent.


India’s remarkable jump on the Global Innovation Index — In the past four years India’s rank in the GII has improved from the 81st rank in 2015 to the present 52nd rank in GII 2019 report. India became the first developing country to launch the GII in association with World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) and Confederation of India (CII).
In order to promote innovation, several measures have been taken including Final Patent (amendment) Rules, 2019 – published on September 17, 2019 amending The Patents Rules, 2003 has led to significant simplification of rules, especially for startups and MSMEs. The Patent (Second Amendment) Rules, 2019 were published to reduce fees for small entity or MSMEs for processing of patent applications under various sections of the Patents Act, 1970 will incentivise MSMEs to file for more parents. In order to promote export, the Department of Commerce has undertaken various measures. Export Credit Guarantee Corporation (ECGC) has introduced a new Export Credit Insurance Scheme (ECIS) called ‘NIRVIK’ for exporters in which increased insurance cover for export credit has been extended by banks from existing average of 60 per cent to 90 per cent for both Principal and Interest.
Accounts with limits below Rs 80 crore, the premium rates will be moderated to 0.60 per annum and for those exceeding Rs 80 crore, it will be 0.72 per annum for the same enhanced cover. It is expected that the initiative will cost about Rs 1,700 cr per annum.
It will provide comfort to banks, bring down the cost of credit due to capital relief, less provision requirement and liquidity due to quick settlement of claims and will ensure timely and adequate working capital and relief to MSMEs.
To enhance ease of doing business, Deemed Export drawback has been allowed on All Industry Rate of drawback schedule. An online portal for filing applications under ‘Transport and Marketing Assistance (TMA)’ scheme for Specified Agriculture Products has been launched.
Easing Exporters’ claims with ECGC through transparency — A database has been prepared by ECGC for all pending claims and online access on status of claims has been provided. This will be a critical tool for providing information access to exporters. The online ”Origin Management System” gives single access point for all exporters, for all Free Trade Agreements (FTAs), Preferential Trade Agreements (PTAs) and for all agencies. India has 15 FTAs/PTAs and 7 lakh ‘Certificates of Origin’ are issued annually. The platform will be made live for FTAs as per the concurrence of the concerned partner countries. This process is electronic, paperless and transparent with real time tracking of FTA utilisation at product level and country level. It will also lead to reduced transaction cost and time.
Scheme for Remission of Duties or Taxes on Export Product (RoDTEP) formulated to replace existing Merchandise Exports from India (MEIS) scheme. This will be a WTO compliant scheme for promotion of exports. Textiles and all other sectors which currently enjoy incentives upto 2 per cent over MEIS will transit into RoDTEP from January1, 2020.
RoDTEP will span all sectors and the revenue foregone will be about Rs 50,000 crore.
Infusion of funds for Export Support — A capital of Rs 389 crore has been infused into Export Credit Guarantee Corporation (ECGC) on June 2, 2019. This will provide extra support to exports to emerging and challenging markets like Africa, CIS, Latin America and Asian countries.
A Grant-in-aid (corpus) of Rs 300 crore has been contributed to National Export Insurance Account (NEIA) trust on June 21, 2019, thereby, enhancing its risk taking capacity to support project exports in challenging markets.
Boost to Gem and Jewellery exporters by resolution of various issues like removal of the requirement of paying IGST on re-import of goods which were exported earlier for exhibition purpose/consignment basis.
Allowing partial discharge of bonds executed by nominated agencies or banks for import of gold to be supplied to jewellery exporters, thereby enabling nominated agencies to release bank guarantee of jewellery exporters who have fulfilled their export obligation has helped in release of blocked working capital.


National Logistics Policy, 2019 —
The National Logistics Policy is being prepared with the aim to bring down total logistics cost from 14 per cent to 9 per cent of country’s GDP. The policy aims to boost business competitiveness, drive economic growth and make India a global logistics hub.
The Multi-Modal Transportation of Goods Bill, 2019 has been finalised for approval. This aims at facilitating the movement of goods for exports, imports and domestic trade. It will help to fix accountability and liabilities for violation of its provisions.
Skilling for Logistics Sector —
As many as 34 Qualification Packs (QPs) for skill development of manpower engaged in Logistics Sector have been developed and finalised in collaboration with Logistics Skill Council. This is the first time that such qualification packs have been developed.
Implementation of Agriculture Export Policy — The Agriculture Export Policy has been approved with an outlay of Rs 206 Crore for 2019-20. In order to establish linkage between FPOs and the exporters a portal has been created by Agricultural & Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA). About 740 Farmers Producer Organisation (FPO) have been registered under Farmers Connect Portal.


Schemes for backward regions —
Budgetary Support under GST Regime to the units located in Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and North Eastern States including Sikkim has been made. an amount of Rs 1,700 crore has been authorised by Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) to Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC) for disbursement to eligible industrial units.
Rs 1,692 crore already been disbursed by CBIC under the Scheme till November 15, 2019. During the last six months, Rs 86 crore was disbursed to 420 industrial units under the Special Package to the Himalayan States.
Ensuring level playing field for domestic industry and farmers — For antidumping the average number of days taken for initiation of anti-dumping investigations has come down to 32 days in 2019 (upto November 1) as against 259 days in 2016. Directorate General of Trade Remedies(DGTR) for the first time ever initiated two cases of bilateral safeguards to protect domestic industry from injury. No bilateral safeguard has ever been initiated in the past by DG Safeguards or Directorate General of Anti-Dumping and Allied Duties.
There has been significant drop in the number of days taken to initiate two cases of Global Safeguards. In 2019, the average number of days taken is just 61, as compared the standard 75 days.
In order to ensure interests of the Indian industry and farmers in FTAs, India successfully laid out its stand in Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) that India’s key concerns were not addressed. India took a strong stance to protect the interest of domestic producers. This decision will help vulnerable sectors including farmers and the dairy sector as well as small manufacturers, who would have been threatened by RCEP rules. India has also secured agreement for review of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) FTA (Asean-India Free Trade Area-AIFTA) after repeated follow up. This will help in removing rules that affect Indian producers and exporters and will also promote Indian exports and Make in India.
Steel Import Monitoring System (SIMS) — The SIMS will facilitate the Steel Industry by providing advance information about steel imports to all stakeholders including Government, steel industry and steel importers for effective policy interventions. Importers of specified steel products will register in advance on the web portal of SIMS providing necessary information. The registration will be online and automatic and no human intervention is required. SIMS has been notified with effect from November 1, 2019. Trade Facilitation Measures —
The completion of negotiation of India-Mauritius Comprehensive Economic Cooperation and Partnership Agreement (CECPA) will enable trade promotion between the two countries. Improving Trade with Bangladesh – Besides the four operational Border Haats across India-Bangladesh border in Tripura and Meghalaya, construction of three Border Haats in Meghalaya, out of six already identified locations (two in Tripura and four in Meghalaya) has been completed. Merger of Council of Trade and Development and Board of Trade: providing a common platform for addressing stakeholder concerns. This common platform, comprising representatives from industry, export promotion councils, Government of India and State Governments and representatives from Banking and Finance Sector is playing a critical role in addressing export related concerns, with a focus on addressing these on a priority basis.The first meeting of this common platform took place on June 6, 2019. SEZ (Amendment) Bill 2019 became the first legislation of the newly formed Government to be passed by Parliament.This will enable any entity to set up an unit in SEZs, including Trusts. This will help boost investments and create new export and job opportunities. Investments of USD 1.1 billion has been proposed since the ordinance was promulgated earlier this year. Better facilities for employees: SEZ units allowed to create facilities and amenities like cr?che, gymnasium, cafeteria for their exclusive use as a measure towards ease of doing business. Promoting Foreign Direct Investment —
Hundred per cent FDI has been allowed under theautomatic route for coal mining activities including associated processing infrastructure. Hundred per cent FDI under automatic route has also been allowed in contract manufacturing. Providing more flexibility and ease of operations to Single Brand Retail Trading (SBRT) entities. All procurements made from India shall be counted towards local sourcing, whether goods are sold in India or exported. Online retail trading permitted upto two years prior to opening brick and mortar stores. Boost to Make in India in Government Procurement — Progressive amendments have been made to favour local suppliers like procurement upto Rs 50 lakh has been exclusively reserved for local suppliers (except in certain cases). Only local suppliers eligible to bid for procurement of items, where there is sufficient local capacity and local competition, irrespective of purchase value. Bicycle Development Council constituted for the benefit of Bicycle Industry — The Indian bicycle industry is the world’s second largest bicycle industry. To develop the Bicycle industry and small part manufacturers towards global standards, a Bicycle Development Council has been constituted. National Institute of Design (Amendment) Act, 2019 — Amendment to National Institute of Design (NID) Act was moved for consideration and passing in the Rajya Sabha on August 6, 2019 to confer Institute of National Importance status to the four new NIDs and ten passed also. It will be introduced in the forthcoming session of the Lok Sabha for consideration and passing. The four new NIDs at Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Assam and Haryana to be declared as Institutions of National Importance on the lines of NID, Ahmedabad.NIDs, Madhya Pradesh and NID, Assam have commenced academic session of 2019-20 from July 29, 2019. Establishment of the National Traders’ Welfare Board (July 26, 2019) — A long-pending demand of traders has been fulfilled with the constitution of the Board to understand the issues and problems faced by traders and employees in their day to day business operations and for their welfare. The Board will have a number of representatives from Traders’ Associations as members.

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